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Research Article Open Access

Synthesis and characterization of Pt/graphene-CNTs electrocatalyst for direct methanol fuel cell

Richa Baronia, Shraddha Tiwari, Avanish K. Srivastava, Surinder P. Singh, Sunil K. Singhal*

CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, Dr K.S. Krishnan Marg, New Delhi-110012, India

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2016, 1 (1), 7

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2016/104

Publication Date (Web):05 September 2016

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press

Abstract


Abstract

In the present work we report a facile method for the synthesis of Pt nanoparticles supported reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) nanocomposite by an in-situ chemical reduction. The incorporation of MWCNTs to rGO leads to decrease in agglomeration between rGO sheets due to π – π interactions and higher loading of Pt nanoparticles. In this process, a mixture of exfoliated graphene oxide, CNTs and chloroplatinic acid was treated with a mixture of hydrazine hydrate and ammonium hydroxide at 95° C in an oil bath for 1 h. Pt nanoparticles of 4-6 nm size were homogeneously dispersed on rGO-CNTs nanocomposite as revealed by TEM analysis. Cyclic voltammetry measurements depict an anodic current density of 11.74 mA/cm2 that could be obtained using Pt/rGO-CNTs catalyst and 6.2 mA/cm2 using Pt/rGO catalyst during methanol oxidation, indicating that the catalytic activity of Pt/rGO-CNTs catalyst is almost 2 times higher than that of Pt/rGO catalyst. The electrochemical stability of Pt/rGO-CNTs catalyst was also found to be much higher as compared with that of Pt/rGO catalyst.  Thus, Pt/rGO-CNTs catalyst has the potential to be used in the preparation of a promising anode material for direct methanol fuel cell. Copyright © 2016 VBRI Press

Keywords


Carbon nanotubes, graphene, in-situ chemical reduction, methanol electro-oxidation, cyclic voltammetry.