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Research Article Open Access

Effect of ZnO coating on physicochemical properties of LiFePO4 cathode material for lithium ion batteries  

Rakesh Saroha, Aditya Jain, A. K. Panwar*

Department of Applied Physics, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, 110042, India

Adv. Mater. Proc., 2016, 1 (1), 5

DOI: 10.5185/amp.2016/118

Publication Date (Web):05 September 2016

Copyright © IAAM-VBRI Press



The effects of ZnO nanoparticle coating on the physicochemical and electrochemical properties of LiFePO4 (LFP) have been investigated in this work. ZnO-modified LiFePO4 cathode materials were synthesized via sol-gel and modified by ZnO nanoparticle using ball mill method. The amount of ZnO additive is chosen as a controlling factor to tune ZnO content over the surface of LFP particles. Structure and morphology of the LFP material with and without ZnO-coating layer were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectra. The XRD patterns reveal that the proper phase of LFP is formed with the ordered olivine-type orthorhombic structure of Pnma space group, and no impurity phase like LiZnPO4 has been noticed. AC conductivity measurements have shown that the ZnO-modified LFP samples significantly assists in lowering the resistance of cathode active material and enhancing the conductivity. It is found that the 2.5 wt% ZnO-doped LFP exhibits the highest conductivity than the 5 wt% ZnO and 1 wt% ZnO doped LFP or the un-doped sample. Among the synthesized samples, LFPZ2.5 displays highest discharge capacity 160 (±5) mAhg-1 (~94% of the theoretical capacity of LiFePO4) at 0.1C rate. These results indicate that 2.5 wt% ZnO coated pristine LFP sample proves to be alternative material for automotive industry and it may be possible alternate of cathode materials in hybrid electric vehicles. Copyright © 2016 VBRI Press


Olivine, sol-gel, ZnO-modified LFP, conductivity, electrochemical performances.